Insomnia is considered to be a complicated situation in which one is not able to fall asleep or stay asleep. People who are experiencing insomnia are dissatisfied with their sleeping pattern. They feel this constant unease at the time when they are supposed to sleep. Like all other disorders, insomnia also has its symptoms which help in identifying if one is experiencing it. Mostly for such state the symptoms are low energy, fatigue, mood disturbances, difficulty concentrating and poor or ineffective performances at school or work. This disorder is affecting millions of people in the worldwide. It can lead to sleeping during daytime and constant feeling of being mentally and physically sick. Not only that, it can also cause to develop other chronic diseases in the people. According to the report of National Sleep Foundation (NSF), 30-40% of American adults are found to experience the symptoms of insomnia and 10-15% of American adults tend to have chronic insomnia. And more than half of the population of this world is reported to have atleast one symptom of insomnia. Moreover, 63% of women also experience atleast one of the symptoms every second night in a week. Transient insomnia, acute insomnia and chronic insomnia are three major types of insomnias which are being observed in different individuals. Transient insomnia is the one which happens when the disturbances and symptoms continue to appear till three consecutive nights. Acute insomnia is a short-term insomnia in which the symptoms continue to appear for several weeks. Chronic insomnia is a long-term insomnia which lasts for several months or years. Chronic insomnia can also occur because of the other problems or disorders which make it really difficult to detect the root cause. Insomnia is reported more among women than men that can lead to memory problems and reduction in the response time.
For different people, the cause of insomnia can be different. It is really important to consult the right doctor who can treat the disorder by analyzing what’s causing it. The treatment shouldn’t just be based on the symptom that is appearing in an individual but should be based on the underlying cause of the problem. By the use of behavioral therapy, behavior changes can be learned by making a proper schedule that follows to have the regular sleep hours along the others tasks of the day. But most of the times, it fails to get back the sleep one has lost. In that case, the prescription of sleeping pills can really help in having proper rest and sleep. The use of the sleeping pills can be a risk as well for the people who are facing bad conditions of physical and mental health. The medicated remedies should be prescribed properly after analyzing the sleeping pattern and underlying conditions of the patient. Lunesta (Zopiclone) is also used for the treatment of such people by helping in maintaining the state of sleep. It should not be prescribed unless a person is able to get a sleep of atleast 7 to 8 hours. Due to the risk of impairment, it is prescribed to be taken in a very small amount like one miligram Zolpidem was the one who helped in falling asleep but couldn’t help in staying asleep for a long time but later the extended version was introduced which helps in staying asleep for a longer period of time. This new extended version Ambien CR is required to be taken at night only when one wants to sleep but it isn’t recommended when the person needs to perform any task which requires the alertness and focus like it won’t be possible to drive or walk when one has already taken it. Restoril (Temazepam) is used for a short-term treatment of acute symptoms of insomnia. It affects the brain by producing a calming effect. But it also has its side effects which need to be detected right on time before it gets too late. Benzodiazepines is also the other type of medication that stays in the system for a long time. It also helps in treating the problems of nightmare and sleepwalking. But on the other side, it can make the person feel sleepy during the daytime as well and the person might get dependent on this for being able to get the sleep. Ramelteon, Zaleplon, Suvorexant and other Anti-depressants are also used as medicated remedies which are very good for the treatment of insomnia and anxiety but this can also be the cause of feeling dizzy and sleepy in the daytime as well. All such medicated remedies must be taken carefully with keeping in mind that after having these medications the person won’t be able to be alert and focused even the next full day.
There are many facts and information which is not so well known and it’s important for the insomnia sufferers to have such information restored in their minds. First of all, the sleep is found to be as important for the human body as the food and exercise. Having experienced bad sleep can end up as eating more and losing less fat from the exercise which can make the person obese as well. Lack of sleep can make the person deprived of all the energy to perform the daily routine tasks and exercises. Moreover, there is a great number of accidents which are reported to happen because of the lack of sleep. Driving without having proper sleep is as dangerous as driving while being drunk. According to the statistics, every year 71,000 injuries, 100,000 crashes and 1550 deaths happen only because of the drowsy drivers. Furthermore, 40 million Americans are reported to get affected by acute and chronic sleep disorders annually. Snoring also seems to be a cause of sleep disturbances in many people if it’s their bed partners who are snoring while sleeping. The sleep is affected by the surroundings and environment as well. If the level of oxygen gets reduced while sleeping, the person is most likely to get a poor-quality sleep which will cause him to feel lazy, unrested and exhausted during the whole day. It is also because of the bad quality sleep at night which makes the person stay in the bed during the whole day. It is assumed that such individual is having excessive sleep during the day but in actual due to poor quality sleep, the lethargy never goes away. Sleeping problem sufferers can also have other diseases like high blood pressure and heart disease which can badly affect their sleep. Depression is also strongly associated with insomnia. If the person is experiencing depression and emotional distress then it would certainly lead to sleeplessness. Untraditional and irregular sleep patterns also cause the individual to suffer from the problems of sleep. As it has been analyzed that women are more likely to experience sleep disorder than man, according to a not so well-known fact, the sleeplessness in women can also lead to infertility and other hormonal problems. Social jetlag is also considered to be a great cause of sleeplessness as people tend to have irregular schedules and stay awake for the sake of socializing specially on the weekends which end up causing disturbances in their sleeping pattern.